Floor coverings are an important element for intelligent space design. They give space personality and fill it with life. Thus their individual matching to the people who use them is of utmost importance: functionality and aesthetics.
“Flooring is a background to your furniture. It can make or break the decor.”
A room’s function, traffic and location as well as the amount you want to spend, all are contributing factors in your flooring decision- carpet, ceramic tiles, marble, hardwood, laminate or vinyl.
Which one is right for you?
Flooring selection should be the first option of interior design process. When creating spaces, the interior designer work from selecting finishes and colors to complement the floor.
When choosing the type of flooring, as the floors will most likely will stay for a lifetime, using professional help is recommended.
Because of its dense composition of clay, minerals or water, Ceramic Tiles and a coating of liquid glass for color and texture, glazed tiles are resistant to moisture, fire, stains – making this material ideal for kitchens, bathrooms and entrance ways. Used in modern interiors, it creates healthy, functional, comfortable and stylish design.
If you choose to create a unique ceramic tile design, you have a choice between different color shades, sizes and styles. Interior design colors should always follow the style.
- Porcelain tile is fired at extremely high temperatures. The result is a tile that’s especially hard and durable. Porcelain tile is resistant to staining and is a good choice for exterior applications. It’s available either glazed or unglazed.
- Terracotta is an unglazed tile with earthy colors and rustic appearance. It is not as durable as other tiles and must be sealed periodically to prevent staining.
One of the most beautiful and elegant flooring choices, Hardwood, is an option if you love sanding and refinishing every few years.
Hardwood flooring comes in classic 3/4-inch solid wood floors, usually made from maple or oak, as well as engineered and long strip plank floors, both made from a variety of domestic and exotic woods. All three look similar, but because engineered and long strip planks are made from thin strips of wood glued together, this option provides better stability and resistance to moisture – which means it can be used in basements or over concrete, where solid wood would contract and separate.
There was a time when Eco-friendly evoked images of boring and bland materials. Thankfully, this is not the case today.
- Cork is harvested from the bark of the cork oak tree commonly found in the forests of the Mediterranean.Like wood can be finished in a variety of paints and stains to suit any color scheme or design style. It’s durability allows to be used in any part of the house.
- Bamboo it is actually a grass that shares similar characteristics as hardwood. Bamboo, while usually very light, is available in many hues that will work in any setting or decor.
- Concrete – polished concrete is an unlikely sustainable material that is gaining popularity. From creating a tiled effect with different colors to inlaying other materials such as glass the design possibilities are endless.
Carpet keeps feet warm, steps soft and kids’ knees protected when they take a tumble. It hides sub-floor irregularities and can be used throughout the home, including the basement, where moisture can ruin other types of flooring materials. It’s also inexpensive to install and comes in a variety of colors and textures, making it easy to decorate with.
Carpeting should be short and dense, made with a tightly twisted yarn and a good quality cushion to resist crushing and matting. To reduce the risk of pilling, look for continuous filament nylon, which begins as a long strand before being spun into yarn.
Keep in mind that dust particles can easily be trapped in carpeting. So, if you have allergies, carpeting may not be the best choice for your home.
If you are looking for a little touch of luxury, stone tiles as granite, marble, limestone, provides quality at a premium price.
The ability of stone to resist moisture and staining depends on its hardness. Softer stones such as sandstone and limestone must be finished every few years with a stone sealer. Harder stones, such as granite and marble, should be sealed every four to five years.
Honed and polished stone tile can be slippery when wet, so choose stone that has a textured, skid-resistant surface for kitchens and master bath applications.
“Flooring is the foundation of any beautiful room. Start with a great choice, and the rest will fall into place.”