The term “Architecture” can refer to a process, documentation or profession.
As a profession, architecture is the role of those persons or machines providing architectural services.
As a process, architecture is the activity of designing and constructing buildings and other physical structures by a person or a computer, primarily to provide shelter.
As documentation, usually based on drawings, architecture defines the structure and/or behavior of a building or any other kind of system that is to be or has been constructed.
On the difference between the ideals of “architecture” and “construction”, the renowned 20th C. architect Le Corbusier wrote: “You employ stone, wood, and concrete, and with these materials you build houses and palaces: that is construction.
Ingenuity is at work. But suddenly you touch my heart, you do me good. I am happy and I say: This is beautiful. That is Architecture”.
Wisa Wooden Design Hotel Helsinki, Finland
The Wisa Wooden Design Hotel is a very small, experimental structure intended to show the kind of things that can be done in such circumstances with wood. Despite its name, it wasn’t design for public use, yet the building offer facilities for sleepover.
The designer states meant to blow the wooden block in pieces from the middle. By bending the block, the slats are forced to a new form that offers a contrast to the original shape, the block. The central, freely curving form of hotel makes use of open slats in a sculptural pattern that reveal views of the water.
Anti Smog, Paris, France
Anti-Smog “Innovation Center in Sustainable Development” was designed to make use of all available renewable energy forms to fight against the Parisian smog.
The Anti Smog Complex takes the idea of the “green” building a step further than usual: the architect proposes to reduce ambient pollution rather than simply taking care not to contribute to energy waste.
Ecoboulevard de Vallecas, Madrid, Spain
The proposal for the Ecoboulevard of Vallecas can be defined as an operation of urban recycling that consists of the installation of three socially revitalizing air trees in the urban pattern, the densification of trees with their existing concourse, the reduction and asymmetric disposition of the traffic routes.
The “air trees” contain a system that uses water vapor with power generated by the photo voltaic cells to create a space is 8C to 10C cooler than the rest of the street in summer.
Ecolodge, Siwa, Egypt
Ecolodge, demonstrate the relative simplicity of the design, blending with a sense of local materials and traditions.
The retreat and guest house in the desert is located on the peninsula of Siwa Oasis on a 35×35 site. The project is covering the plot completely and provide many patios as guest rooms, a closed courtyard, and garden. Four different facades offer four different points of view.
Walls are made of kershef, a local material made from mud, sand and sun-dried salt. No electricity is used in the house, while a wind tower with a viewing terrace contains the owner’s suite.
Metla, Finnish Forest Research Institute, Joensuu, Finland
The primary goal of this project was to use Finnish wood in innovative ways. Hence, wood is the main material use throughout the building, from the post-beam-slab system in the structural frame to the exterior cladding.
The basic plan of the building is square with a notched, interior courtyard. Splayed columns made of wood connect the wood ceiling to the tiled floor.
The Metla building demonstrates that wood can indeed, be used to create an elegant, modern structure on large scale.
Masdar Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE
The buildings are oriented to provide optimum shade and reduce cooling loads, and shaded colonnades at podium level exploit the benefits of exposed thermal mass.
Facades are designed to respond to their orientation, and photovoltaic installation on every roof are combined with carefully positioned photovoltaic panels to shade streets and buildings.
The public spaces are further cooled by green landscaping and water to provide evaporative cooling. The complex includes laboratories, residences, and accompanying spaces.
The most exciting new buildings in the world are now almost all environmentally aware, sustainable, and conceived to consume far less energy than ever before.
Being “green” means being aware of responsibility implied in the construction and use of modern buildings, and there are many ways to express this rising trend.