Lighting is a key element in architectural design. For example, in dense urban areas, good lighting used in relation to the scale and importance of the area in question can articulate nocturnal space into smaller ambiences.
The perception of space is directly connected to the way light integrates with it. What we see, what we experience and how we interpret the elements is affected by how light interact with us and with the environment.
This relationship between light and architecture occurs inevitably; That is why it is almost impossible to imagine the works of the grand maestros without establishing a masterly relationship with light.
Etianne-Louis Boullé claims that “the art of touching with the effects of light belongs to architecture”, and he is right, because, depending on how it is used, it can transform the space, creating agreeable or disagreeable, sublime or mysterious sensations, the sensations of enlarging a space or making it smaller,or simply highlighting aspects of the space that interest us.
And above all, it makes the space more agreeable, more comfortable, more habitable, more visible.
When we see, we distinguish impressions of space, form, surface/texture, color and light.
As well, it is important to develop the ability to observe the visual terms of space, thinking how the occur and are described.
The atmosphere consists in the character, related to the mood that light creates. Many time, you may experience the space boring, private, public, cheerful etc. only because of lighting influences.
Each space requires a different visual experience, based on level of lightness, spatial distribution of brightness, shadows, color of light and colors.
Shadows play an important role to our observation. They can be soft or strong; they can present sharp or diffused borders.
Good shadows are pleasant to see, but bad shadows can destroy the ambience.
The colors of materials are also responsible to change the atmosphere. To experience a beautiful environment, emotionally and aesthetically, color and light play a role together.
The way we perceive lighting conditions depend on the coloring and even more so the way the color materials behave depend on how they are lighted, as the light has an effect not only on the color tone or nuance, but also the the character of the material and the most important if the color seems natural and balanced.
When you plan a new interior design project, there are many aspects to consider. Not only do you need to consider your budget and time frame, but you need to look at the elements that will make your project truly stand out.
Part of any interior design project is ensuring that you have quality lightingavailable and that it works in a way that will enhance the environment and complement your decor.
Artificial light comes in all hues and intensities. The fast progression of technological development in lighting made it easier to try to replicate natural light. However artificial light has different properties and has a different role to play in our built environment.
The need for energy efficiency is driving our built environment towards natural daylight, for example the huge use of glass in private residences.
Good lighting sets the tone and creates the atmosphere in a room. The key is to understand the use of that room and apply the relevant lighting to ensure it functions well. For example a laundry or utility room will be well served with glare free compact fluorescent.
An open plan living/dining/kitchen needs to have several different circuits of lighting, perhaps a mix of LED spots , chandeliers and mains voltage lamp light to create depth and texture in the space.
There a variety of lighting to be used in interior design but the next three are the most important:
1. Ambient lighting can brighten and enhance the glow of the rooms. Lanterns and wall sconces can render an ambient lighting effect. Using dimmer switches can also alter the ambiance of the room to achieve the look and feel you desire.2. Accent lighting highlights the architectural features of a home like the walls and objects in the room. Halogen spotlights and table lamps create accent effect lighting. Accent lighting can be implemented to project and show off a piece of art or a photograph also.
3. Task lighting incorporated in interior design provides localized lighting in special task areas. This is generally used in work spaces to aid you in performing your daily tasks. Whereas aesthetic lighting is like a piece of decorative art and is used purely to embellish the decor of your rooms.
Hanging lights over the dining tables can perfectly compliment the decor of your rooms. Recessed lighting is preferred by most home owners as it provides good illumination without affecting the interior decor of the room. Task lighting can be incorporated with accent lighting to create simply beautiful interiors.
And finally, balance between mood lighting and task lighting is essential. Task lighting is specific and focused and usually from one type of fitting.
Mood lighting is potentially a soft, diffuse balance of several difference sources of light within the same space.
All rooms need a mixture of lighting, be it ambient or simple background illumination or accent lighting to highlight an exceptional feature. You can always update a room and develop the atmosphere with worthy lighting.
Equally, nothing makes a room feel old-fashioned and inhospitable like bad lighting design. Ultimately, you want the lighting to bring a space together.
Interior Design is all about not detracting from the space you have created. The lighting simply showcases that space in all its glory.