First of all, let’s define Contemporary Architecture:
“Architecture of 21th Century and Present Day “
Contemporary Architecture is the architecture of today and we should look at it in two ways :
- Defining how architecture lead our everyday modern lives
- The vision and ideas that the architects of yesterday envisioned for modern society.
Modern architecture is architecture defined by the use of innovative and new construction technologies, especially the use of steel, reinforced concrete, and glass.
The central idea in modern architecture is that form should follow function and embrace minimalism. There is a clear rejection of ornament in contemporary modern architecture.
The Six Fundamental Principles
The six fundamental principles of architecture include :
Symmetria refers to the identical parts of the building that are symmetrical or have the same ratio in reference to the rest of the building or structure.
Propriety refers to the conforming to the needs of the customer. Eurythmic refers also to be proportionate.
These principles are elaborated as follows:
Lack of ornament
Any ornamentation is eliminated leaving buildings clean and simple. The material used is executed in interesting ways, such as meeting in unique joints.
The prominence of vertical and horizontal lines and rectangular forms
A dramatic effect is created by the use of materials in vertical forms and definite planes placed side by side against horizontal elements.
Horizontal massing, low, flat roofs, prominence on broad roof protrude and horizontal planes
This is the reason why many modern houses have twisting one-story plans.
Modern systems and materials use
There is the intentional use of exposed material applications, such as columns made of steel, use of concrete block as finished material, exposed and stained concrete floors, open column-free spaces, and enhanced human comfort by cooling or heating systems.
Traditional materials used in revolutionized ways
The modern aesthetic is achieved by the use of brick, wood, and stone in simple ways.
Smooth, large planes of cladding are also used. Stonework and brick are unornamented and simple, used in rectilinear planes and masses.
Emphasis on the honesty of materials
For example, in order to express its natural look, wood is stained instead of being painted.
Relationship of interior sites and spaces
The building’s site is brought into effect by the use of massive glass expanses, to take advantage of natural landscaping and dramatic views.
Prominence to flowing and open interior spaces
Dining, kitchen, and living spaces tend to flow together as part of one continuous interior space.
Enhanced human comfort by use of shading and sun
There are some architects who can think of more especially when they are working on some of the most important projects of their lives. It is only really important that they make the buildings durable so they can withstand the test of time.
The origins of Contemporary Architecture
It all started at the end of the 19th century. During this period, there was a revolution of technology, building materials, and engineering.
The building construction industry moved away from traditional architectural styles to invent something functional and new. Modern architecture then first embraced the use of plate glass, cast iron and reinforced concrete in building stronger taller and lighter structures.
Contemporary Architecture is not an architectural movement, and it is not a school.
This means that contemporary architecture can offer a multitude of architectural choices, provided that they stand out from what is normally done.
As conclusion, form follows function.
This principle states that the purpose of the building should form the starting point for the design rather than beauty. But let’s be honest, less is more if you choose contemporary. It is also referred to as functionalism.